Study Of Sustainable Transportation System with FESS Flywheel Energy Storage Systems and Ageing Process of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Keywords:Energy storage system, FESS, charging and discharging current, ageing, transport, CO2 reduction, cost-benefit analysis, life cycle analysis, E-mobility, battery, charging station, renewable energy storage.
On the development way to a low-carbon emission, vast advancements in energy storage are being done. However, for the use case of sustainable transportation, only a handful of technologies can be considered, as solution. These technologies must be reliable, economical, and suitable for transportation applications. All transport sectors are embarking on a trajectory to zero emissions by 2030 thus increasing the demands for, and on batteries and broadening their range of applications. This paper describes the characteristics and aging process of well-established and commercially available technology named Lithium-Ion batteries in the context of public transit buses along with FESS (Flywheel Energy Storage Systems). Beyond the obvious use case of onboard energy storage, stationary buffer storage inside the required fast-charging stations for the electric vehicles is also discussed. The main affecting parameters related to energy storage ageing are analyzed in detail.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Anesh Kshirsagar, N B Sambre
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